Factores asociados al nivel de empatía hacia el paciente en estudiantes de medicina, Perú, 2018

Fred Atahuaman-Arroyo, David Mauro Ramírez-Espinoza, Edinho Segama-Fabián, Bernardo Dámaso-Mata, Vicky Panduro-Correa, Kovy Arteaga-Livias

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: Empathy is the adequate understanding towards the patient; it is considered the central axis of the doctor-patient relationship and is a vital component for high-quality health care. Objective: To determine the levels of empathy towards the patient and their association with family functionality, stress, academic performance and sociodemographic and academic factors of medical students. Material and Methods: An observational, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. The study population included 130 medical students (between 3rd-year and 6-th year) who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The independent variables were family functionality, stress and academic performance. A questionnaire and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy Version S were applied. For the analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk test was used for testing the assumption of normality, the Student t Test and Anova test were used to establish the relationship between variables. Statistical significance of p <0.05 was considered. Results: The average global empathy was 106.08 ± 18.29 points. Statistically significant differences were found between global empathy and sex (p = 0.03), year of studies (p = 0.00), and family functionality (p = 0.04). Conclusions: The level of family functioning is associated with empathy. Moreover, it was also found that women were more empathic than men and higher academic years were associated with a lower level of empathy towards the patient.

Título traducido de la contribuciónFactors associated with the level of empathy towards the patient in medical students, Peru, 2018
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículoe2673
PublicaciónRevista Habanera de Ciencias Medicas
Volumen19
N.º2
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2020

Palabras clave

  • Doctor-patient relationship
  • Empathy
  • Family functionality
  • Medical empathy

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