Airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is the dominant route of transmission: Droplets and aerosols

Ali A. Rabaan, Shamsah H. Al-Ahmed, Maysaa K. Al-Malkey, Roua A. Alsubki, Sayeh Ezzikouri, Fadel Hassan Al-Hababi, Ranjit Sah, Abbas Al Mutair, Saad Alhumaid, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Awad Al-Omari, Ayman M. Al-Qaaneh, Manaf Al-Qahtani, Raghavendra Tirupathi, Mohammad A. Al Hamad, Nadira A. Al-baghli, Tarek Sulaiman, Arwa Alsubait, Rachana Mehta, Elfadil AbassMaha Alawi, Fatimah Alshahrani, Dhan Bahadur Shrestha, Mohmed Isaqali Karobari, Samuel Pecho-Silva, Kovy Arteaga-Livias, D. Katterine Bonilla Aldana, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

61 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2) has become a pandemic worldwide. On a daily basis the number of deaths associated with COVID- 19 is rapidly increasing. The main transmission route of SARS-CoV-2 is through the air (airborne transmission). This review details the airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the aerodynamics, and different modes of transmission (e.g. droplets, droplet nuclei, and aerosol particles). SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted by an infected person during activities such as expiration, coughing, sneezing, and talking. During such activities and some medical procedures, aerosols and droplets contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 particles are formed. Depending on their sizes and the environmental conditions, such particles stay viable in the air for varying time periods and can cause infection in a susceptible host. Very few studies have been conducted to establish the mechanism or the aerodynamics of virus-loaded particles and droplets in causing infection. In this review we discuss the various forms in which SARS- CoV-2 virus particles can be transmitted in air and cause infections.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)10-19
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónInfezioni in Medicina
Volumen29
N.º1
EstadoPublicada - 2021

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